1. Primary colors - red, yellow, and
blue.. They are called primary because they are the
colors from which all other colors are made. .
What 2 colors make red? yellow? blue?
NONE, because they are primary.
2. Secondary colors - orange, green,
and violet. They are made by mixing 2 primary colors
Examples: red + yellow = orange
yellow + blue = green
blue +. red = violet
3. Intermediate colors (tertiary) - yellow-green, blue-green,
blue-violet, red- violet red-orange, and yellow-orange. They
are made by mixing 1 primary and 1 secondary color together.
Tint - color + white added to it.
Examples: green + white = mint,
blue + white = sky blue, powder blue
violet + white = lavender
red + white =-- pink
orange + white = peach
yellow + white = cream, manila
- color + black added to it.
Examples: green + black =
hunter green, forest green, olive green blue + black = midnight
blue, navy blue
violet + black = plum
red + black
= maroon, burgundy
orange + black = rust, burnt
+ black = gold, mustard
4. Neutral colors (no pigment) - black,
brown, gray, and white. These colors are not on the
color wheel because they do not contain any pigment.
5. Monochromatic colors - tints and shades of 1 color plus the neutral
colors (neutral colors are optional).
Examples: sky blue, blue, navy blue
pink, red, burgundy, black, white
peach, orange, burnt orange, white,
6. Complementary colors - colors that
are directly opposite each other on the color wheel.
Examples: red and green (Christmas
yellow and violet (Easter colors)
orange and blue (Miami Dolphin colors)
When 2 complementary colors are mixed
together, a neutral color is made.
Using 2 intermediate colors, name a
set of complementary colors
blue-green and red-orange
yellow-green and red-violet
yellow-orange and blue-violet
7 Split-complementary colors - a color
scheme in which you choose 1 color, find its
complement, split the complement and use the colors
on either side of the complement.
Examples: violet: yellow-orange,
yellow: green red-
orange: blue, green
8. Analogous colors - 3-5 colors that
are right next to each other on the color wheel.
Examples: yellow, yellow-green, green,
red-violet, red, red-orange
yellow-orange, orange, red-orange,
9. Triad colors - 3 colors that form
an equilateral triangle on the color wheel.
Examples: red, yellow, blue
yellow-orange, blue-green, red-violet
yellow-green, red-orange, blue-violet
Cool colors can suggest coolness or cold
as in grass or water.
both a warm and a cool color
10. Warm colors - colors that suggest warmth, like the
sun, fire, etc.
to see a slide show from Washington State University art department
here for information on bookmaking