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RACC INTRO TO DRAWING | PAINTING

 
 
LESSONS 1 , 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,
Painting
 
 

Lesson 1: Color

COLOR WHEEL NOTES

1. Primary colors - red, yellow, and blue.. They are called primary because they are the colors from which all other colors are made. .

What 2 colors make red? yellow? blue? NONE, because they are primary.

2. Secondary colors - orange, green, and violet. They are made by mixing 2 primary colors together.

Examples: red + yellow = orange

yellow + blue = green

blue +. red = violet

3. Intermediate colors (tertiary) - yellow-green, blue-green, blue-violet, red- violet red-orange, and yellow-orange. They are made by mixing 1 primary and 1 secondary color together.    

Tint - color + white added to it.   

 Examples: green + white = mint,

blue + white = sky blue, powder blue violet + white = lavender

red + white =-- pink

orange + white = peach   

 yellow + white = cream, manila

 

Shade - color + black added to it.

Examples: green + black = hunter green, forest green, olive green blue + black = midnight blue, navy blue

violet + black = plum

red + black = maroon, burgundy

orange + black = rust, burnt orange

yellow + black = gold, mustard

4. Neutral colors (no pigment) - black, brown, gray, and white. These colors are not on the color wheel because they do not contain any pigment.

 

5. Monochromatic colors - tints and shades of 1 color plus the neutral colors (neutral colors are optional).

Examples: sky blue, blue, navy blue

pink, red, burgundy, black, white

peach, orange, burnt orange, white, brown

6. Complementary colors - colors that are directly opposite each other on the color wheel.

Examples: red and green (Christmas colors)

yellow and violet (Easter colors)

orange and blue (Miami Dolphin colors)

When 2 complementary colors are mixed together, a neutral color is made.

Using 2 intermediate colors, name a set of complementary colors

Answer: blue-green and red-orange

yellow-green and red-violet

yellow-orange and blue-violet

 

7 Split-complementary colors - a color scheme in which you choose 1 color, find its complement, split the complement and use the colors on either side of the complement.

Examples: violet: yellow-orange,

yellow: green red-

orange: blue, green           

                      

 

 

8. Analogous colors - 3-5 colors that are right next to each other on the color wheel.

Examples: yellow, yellow-green, green, blue-green

red-violet, red, red-orange

yellow-orange, orange, red-orange, red, red-violet

 

9. Triad colors - 3 colors that form an equilateral triangle on the color wheel.

Examples: red, yellow, blue

orange,green, violet

yellow-orange, blue-green, red-violet

yellow-green, red-orange, blue-violet

Cool colors can suggest coolness or cold as in grass or water.

.

Examples- yellow-green

green

blue-green

blue

blue-violet

violet

VIOLET is both a warm and a cool color

 

10. Warm colors - colors that suggest warmth, like the sun, fire, etc.

Examples:

yellow

yellow-orange

orange

red-orange

red

red-violet

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